Chronic Kidney Disease specific cardiovascular risk factors among non dialytic patients with Chronic Kidney Disease stage-V–An experience of a specialized hospital

Authors

  • M Saha Department of Nephrology, National Institute of kidney Diseases & Urology, Dhaka
  • MO Faroque Department of Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
  • KS Alam Department of Nephrology, National Institute of kidney Diseases & Urology, Dhaka
  • MM Alam Department of Nephrology, National Institute of kidney Diseases & Urology, Dhaka
  • S Ahmed Department of Nephrology, National Institute of kidney Diseases & Urology, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v38i1.10447

Keywords:

Chronic Kidney Disease

Abstract

The study was carried out to see prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) specific cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular events among patients with Chronic Kidney Disease stage-V (CKD-V) before starting dialysis therapy in the department of Nephrology of National Institute of Kidney Diseases & Urology (NIKDU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Among CKD specific cardiovascular risk factors, anemia showed the highest prevalence (96.7%) in study population. More than fifty percent of CKD-V patients had both hypocalcaemia and hyperphosphataemia. Calcium-Phosphate Product (CaXP) was elevated among 23 percent of the population. C-reactive protein, an acute phase protein was positive in 78% of CKD-V patients. Besides, among traditional risk factors, Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus were present in 83.3% and 23% of the study population respectively. The prevalence of cardiovascular events among CKD-V patients showed that 18.3% had ischemic heart disease, 38% heart failure, 4.7% arrhythmia and 9% left ventricular hypertrophy. Females were significantly prone to develop cardiovascular events than their male counterpart (p=0.028). Diabetes was significantly higher in patients with cardiovascular complications than in patients without cardiovascular complications (p=0.021).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v38i1.10447

Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2012; 38: 18-22

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Published

2012-04-22

How to Cite

Saha, M., Faroque, M., Alam, K., Alam, M., & Ahmed, S. (2012). Chronic Kidney Disease specific cardiovascular risk factors among non dialytic patients with Chronic Kidney Disease stage-V–An experience of a specialized hospital. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 38(1), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v38i1.10447

Issue

Section

Research Papers