Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2018-02-25T08:03:10+00:00 Dr Md. Zakir Hossain Open Journal Systems The official journal of Bangladesh Orthodontic Society. Full text articles available. Oral impacts on Daily Performances Related to Wearing Orthodontic Appliances among the Patients Reporting to the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Dhaka Dental College and Hospital 2018-02-25T08:02:13+00:00 - Moniruzzaman MZ Hossain <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Patients may have some oral impacts on their day to day activities during the course of treatment with orthodontic appliances. Often the impacts may lead the patient to interrupt or terminate the treatment. Proper information on frequency, intensity and extent of the oral impacts on daily performances related to wearing orthodontic appliances during orthodontic treatment will help the patient and orthodontists to increase the treatment compliance.</p><p><strong>Objectives:</strong> To assess the frequency, severity and extent of oral impact on daily performances (OIDP) im the patients wearing orthodontic appliances in relation to type of orthodontic appliancea and sex of patients.</p><p><strong>Materials and method:</strong> The study was a descriptive cross sectional study with 300 participants by convenient sampling aged 10-25 years, undergoing orthodontic treatment at the department of Orthodontics &amp; Dentofacial Orthopedics of Dhaka Dental College &amp; Hospital. Face-to-face structured interviews and clinical examination were done to collect information about OIDP.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> Three hundred patients (31% male and 69% female) undergoing orthodontic treatment participated in the study. The prevalence of condition-specific impacts related to wearing orthodontic appliances was 31.7%. Among adolescents with impacts related to wearing orthodontic appliances, 17.8% reported impacts of severe or very severe intensity and 90.5% reported impacts on only one daily performance, commonly eating or speaking or cleaning mouth. The prevalence and the extent, but not the intensity of condition-specific impacts differed by type of orthodontic appliance (P =.002* and .004* respectively).</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Almost one in three participants undergoing orthodontic treatment reported side effects, specific impacts on daily living related to wearing orthodontic appliances. Such impacts were higher among patients wearing fixed and combination of both fixed and removable type of orthodontic appliances rather than removable type. This information could help to inform patients about the frequency and intensity of sociodental impacts during the course of their treatment.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.1-7</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:13+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tweed’s analysis of Bangladeshi population 2018-02-25T08:02:22+00:00 Md Asiful Bari Md Zakir Hossain <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: To measure the Tweed’s norms for Bangladeshi population.</p><p><strong>Method:</strong> Total of 100 samples was collected from students and doctors of Dhaka Dental College and other hospitals aged between 18-26 years of age. Among the samples 52 were male and 48 were female. Mean age of male samples were 22.06 whereas mean age of female samples were 21.81 combined mean age of 100 samples were 21.94. Period of study was From July’2013 to Dec’2013.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The values of FMA, FMIA and IMPA for Bangladeshi male subjects were found 23.02, 54.5 and 102.27. For the female samples the values were 21.5, 53.92 and 104.69 respectively. The values of FMA, FMIA and IMPA for Bangladeshi population were found as 22.29, 54.22 and 103.43. Whereas for Caucasians the parameters were 24.6, 68.2, 86.9.</p><p><strong>Conclusion<em>:</em></strong><em> </em>The value of FMA, FMIA, IMPA for Bangladeshi population were measured. The difference of values of FMA, FMIA, IMPA of Bangladeshis with Caucasians were found statistically significant. Whereas the difference of values of FMA, FMIA, IMPA of Bangladeshis with North Indians were found statistically insignificant.<em> </em></p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.8-12</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Tooth Size Discrepancies of the Patients Treated in Orthodontic Department at BSMMU 2018-02-25T08:02:28+00:00 Nabila Anwar Gazi Shamim Hasan <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The present cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the effect of first premolar extraction on tooth size discrepancies (TSD) in an orthodontic population seeking treatment at orthodontic department, BSMMU.</p><p><strong>Material and methods:</strong> Mesiodistal tooth widths were measured on 50 pair of pretreatment and post treatment dental casts of subjects with Class I variation – Class I with bimaxillary proclination, and Class I crowding. The overall ratios and tooth-size discrepancies were determined before and after 1<sup>st</sup> premolar extractions. Before and after extractions, the subjects were divided into Bolton small (BS), Bolton normal (BN) and Bolton large (BL) overall ratio groups categorized by the Bolton standard deviation definition.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The Bolton overall ratio after 1<sup>st</sup> premolar extraction was smaller than those before extraction in each group. Some of the patients in the BN group and BB group were moved into the BS group and BN group respectively after 1st premolar extraction. A tooth size discrepancy occurred in some patients with normal overall ratios  after premolar extractions, but a tooth size discrepancy might be corrected in some patients with big overall ratios  after premolar extraction.</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Orthodontists should take into account the following when devising a treatment plan for premolar extractions, overall ratios might decrease and remain normal, and clinically significant tooth-size discrepancies could change mutually after extractions.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.13-16</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:28+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Periodontal Health Status and Microbiological Analysis of Orthodontic Patient in Dhaka Bangladesh 2018-02-25T08:02:34+00:00 Kohinoor Sabnam Mohammad Shamim Al Mamun Asif Mahmud Sabrina Haque <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of the study was to determine the level of bacteria in dental plaque associated with fixed orthodontic appliances.</p><p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This longitudinal observational study was done during April’2014 to September’2014 in the Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka. The 100 samples were collected purposively from the Department of Orthodontics, University Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka and reported private Orthodontic clinic of Bangladesh. The microbiological test was done in the Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The study result showed, there were significantly increased plaque accumulation as well as microorganisms in patient who wear fixed orthodontic appliances than normal subjects. Most of the organisms were streptococcus and most organisms were sensitive to antibiotic except eromycin, sensitive to paste (triclosan and fluoride) but resistant to mouth wash.</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The components of fixed appliance can hamper proper oral hygiene maintenance increases the chance of accumulation of plaque that lead to caries. So appropriate tooth brush with proper paste can inhibit microbial colonization on tooth surfaces.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.17-23</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Prevalence of Impacted Teeth among the Orthodontic Patient in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University 2018-02-25T08:02:42+00:00 Luthfun Nahar Digamber Jha Gazi Shamim Hassan <p><strong>Aim:</strong> This study was attempted to find out the prevalence of impacted teeth among the patients attended for orthodontic treatment in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University</p><p><strong>Materials and Method:</strong> For this cross sectional study 200 patients were taken according to selection criteria who were seeking orthodontic treatment, age between 10 and 30 years in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> 42.0 % respondents belong to age group 11-15 years, 65.5% respondents were female and 34.5% were male, who had impacted teeth with other orthodontics problems. Among 3.0% respondents 1.5 % showed impaction in right upper central incisor and other showed impaction in right upper canine, in left upper central incisor and also left upper canine. The prevalence of impacted teeth was not significant for age group ( p=0.449) and there was no significant difference between male and female (p=0.695).</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The prevalence of tooth impaction is a common dental anomaly. The early recognition of tooth impaction is very important from a therapeutic point of view.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.24-26</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:42+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Orthodontic Management of Supernumerary Tooth - a case report 2018-02-25T08:02:48+00:00 Kajal Chandra Paul Md Zakir Hossain <p>A 27 years old male presented with Class-II div 1 malocclusion with a mesodense. Treatment involved extraction of mesiodense. The alignment of teeth of both arch was achieved by edgewise orthodontic therapy.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.27-29</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Case Report-Non Extraction Treatment of Class II division 1 Malocclusion with Excessive Overjet and Traumatic Bite 2018-02-25T08:02:52+00:00 Mir Abu Naim Luthfun Nahar Shahidul Islam Naznin Sultana Tawhida Nasrin Gazi Shamim Hassan <p>In our orthodontic practice we have seen a recent spurt of increasing numbers of young adults who desire cost effective, non surgical correction of malocclusion and accept dental camouflage as a treatment option to mask the skeletal discrepancy. Usually over 10 mm overjet with traumatic bite is very difficult to treat without extraction; therefore this case is handling so carefully that the upper central incisors cannot loose or dead because of excessive force. In this case patient growth is complete and therefore the only option is fixed orthodontic treatment. So here the challenge is reduction of overjet and correction of traumatic bite without any extraction and is careful to save the tooth vitality. Following treatment marked improvement in patient’s smile, facial profile and lip competence were achieved and there was a remarkable increase in the patient’s confidence and quality of life.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.30-32</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Correction of Class II Division 2 Malocclusion with Traumatic deep bite -Non-extraction Therapy 2018-02-25T08:02:59+00:00 Sharmin Sultana Md Zakir Hossain <p>This case report describe the management of a 22 years old male patient having class II div 2 malocclusion with traumatic deep bite. Intraoral examination revealed that patient had lingually inclined maxillary central incisor, labially flared maxillary lateral incisors, exaggerated lower curve of spee, and moderate crowding in lower jaw. Patient also tend to exhibit deep mentolabial sulcus and unaesthetic smile. Anterior flat bite plane was treatment plan for improving deep bite and also Mandibular downward backward rotation and Camouflage nonextraction treatment was decided for this patient because presence of lower crowding which is easy to correction and flare lower incisor for improving overjet and interincisal angle.</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.33-36</p> 2018-02-25T08:02:59+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 3rd International Orthodontic Conference of ODOAN (Nepal), Nepal Tourism Board, Kathmandu, Sept. 21-22, 2013 2018-02-25T08:03:04+00:00 MZ Hossain <p>Abstract not available</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.37-39</p> 2018-02-25T08:03:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Memorial Pictures from 4th National Orthodontic Conference February 2014 Organized by Bangladesh Orthodontic Soceity 2018-02-25T08:03:07+00:00 MZ Hosaain <p>Abstract not available</p><p>Ban J Orthod &amp; Dentofac Orthop, April 2015; Vol-5 (1-2), P.40-41</p> 2018-02-25T08:03:07+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##