Bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of blood culture isolates among bloodstream infection suspected patients attending in a referral hospital

Authors

  • Mahfuza Nasrin Department of Microbiology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Most Fahmida Begum Department of Microbiology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Rezina Karim Department of Microbiology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Shah Alam Department of Microbiology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farha Rahman Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Moniruzzaman Bhuiyan Department of Pediatrics, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjmm.v15i2.57813

Keywords:

Bacteriological profile, blood culture

Abstract

Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in people of all ages. On time diagnosis and appropriate antimicrobial treatment is of utmost important to save the lives of affected ones. The present study is aimed to determine the bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of blood culture isolates among BSI suspected patients attending in Uttara Adhunik Medical College and Hospital from 1st July to 31st December, 2020. This cross sectional study was conducted among 1,675 BSI suspected patients. About 10 ml of venous blood for adults and 2-3 ml for children was collected aseptically and transferred into an automated blood culture bottle. The BD BACTEC FX40 automated blood culture method was used to isolate bacterial pathogens and antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method following CLSI guidelines. The rate of bacteriologically confirmed cases was 222/1675 (13%). Majority of BSI were caused by gram negative bacteria predominantly Salmonella Typhi (51%) followed by Salmonella paratyphi (15%), Escherichia coli (15%), Klebsiella spp. (7%), Staphylococcus aureus (6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4%). Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi isolates showed 100% susceptibility to meropenem and ceftriaxone. A higher percentage of strains of Salmonella Typhi (80%,84%,85%) and Salmonella Paratyphi (93%,95%,95%) were found sensitive to amoxiclav, chloramphenicol and cotrimoxazole whereas only 4% isolates were sensitive to ciprofloxacin which is an alarming situation. None of the antibiotic was 100% effective against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Amikacin and meropenem were found more effective against gram negative bacteria. In this study, none of the S. aureus strains showed resistance to cloxacillin, amoxiclav, gentamicin and doxycycline and sensitivity to azithromycin and clindamycin were found 40% and 50% respectively. Multidrug resistance among blood stream isolates are increasing in a threatening way which need to be addressed through effective surveillance and infection control strategies.

Bangladesh J Med Microbiol 2021; 15 (2): 5-11

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
331
PDF
433

Downloads

Published

2021-07-31

How to Cite

Nasrin, M. ., Begum, M. F. ., Karim, R. ., Alam, M. S. ., Rahman, F. ., & Bhuiyan, M. M. . (2021). Bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of blood culture isolates among bloodstream infection suspected patients attending in a referral hospital. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology, 15(2), 5–11. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjmm.v15i2.57813

Issue

Section

Original Articles