Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> and <i>Klebsiella species</i> of different hospitals.
A total of 200, non-duplicate ESBL producing strains (171 Escherichia coli and 29 Klebsiella spp.) from three tertiary care hospitals were detected using screening test & double disc synergy test. All isolates were screened for the detection of CTX-M type Extended spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) using PCR. Among them 133 (66.5%) were positive for CTX-M type ESBLs which include 114 (66.66%) E.coli and 19 (65.51%) Klebsiella spp. This is the first report of identifying CTX-M gene in ESBL producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species of different hospitals.