Pattern of Anaemia among Non-haematological Malignant Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Mahbub Mayukh Rishad Registrar of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka
  • Miftahul Jannat Registrar of Medicine, Ahsania Mission Cancer Hospital, Dhaka
  • Nur mohammad Rakib Medical Officer(OSD), NIKDU, Dhaka
  • Tania Sultana Specialist, Square Hospital, Dhaka
  • Ishrat Binte Reza Assistant Professor, Popular Medical College, Dhaka
  • Nawsabah Noor Registrar of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka
  • Zafia Afrin Resident of Surgery, Birdem General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Monjurrahman Medical Officer, Yamagata General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Khan Abul Kalam Azad Professor of Medicine, Popular Medical College, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v34i3.68422

Keywords:

Non-haematological carcinoma, Solid malignancy, Anaemia

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is a frequent complication in cancer patients and has been linked to a reduction in quality of life as well as a poor prognosis. Considering the paucity of dataregarding anaemia in non-haematological carcinoma in developing countries, this studyaimed to evaluate the pattern of anaemia in non-haematological carcinoma patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted over 56 adult anaemic patients of nonhaematological carcinoma inDhaka Medical College Hospital, from 1st of September 2017 to 1stdecember 2017.After getting written informed consent, a detailed history, clinical examination and thorough investigation were carried out in each patient. All the methods in the present study were carried out following the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki.Data were recorded in separated case record form and analyzed by IBM SPSS version 26.

Results: The majority of the study participants were male (62.5%), aged >50 years (64.3%), and from rural areas (60.7%). Metastasis affected 50% of the research participants, and colorectal carcinoma (17.9%) was the most common type of non-haematological carcinoma. The majority of patients had moderate to severe (73.2%), hypochromic (62.5%), and microcytic (62.5%) anemia. In contrast to patients without colorectal cancer, those who had it were more likely to get severe anemia (p=0.001). In patients with metastasis, the likelihood of having hemoglobin below 10 g/dL was 11.27 times higher than in patients without metastasis (COR = 11.27; 95% CI 2.23-56.86).

Conclusion: Maximum anaemic non-haematogical patients had haemoglobin <10 g/dL with microcytosis and hypochromia.

Bangladesh J Medicine 2023; 34(3): 192-198

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Published

2023-09-03

How to Cite

Rishad, M. M. ., Jannat, M., Rakib, N. mohammad, Sultana, T., Reza, I. B. ., Noor, N., Afrin, Z. ., Monjurrahman, & Azad, K. A. K. . (2023). Pattern of Anaemia among Non-haematological Malignant Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study. Bangladesh Journal of Medicine, 34(3), 192–198. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v34i3.68422

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Section

Original Articles