Prevalence of Hypertension Among Fulani Herdsmen in Rural Community of Nigeria

  • Shakirat I Bello Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin
  • Winifred A Ojieabu Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, OlabisiOnabanjo University, Shagamu
  • Ibrahim K Bello Department of Pharmacy, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin
Keywords: Hypertension, Fulani herdsmen, Health awareness, Body Mass Index

Abstract

Introduction:Hypertension is progressively becoming more prevalent in Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors and occurrence of hypertension among Fulani herdsmen in Nigeria.

Methodology:A descriptive longitudinal study on hypertension was conducted among Fulani herdsmen residing in rural communities of Ilorin East and Moro Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Nigeria, from the age of 18 years and above. Eight hundred and seventytwo (872) consenting subjects completed a standardized questionnaire. Blood pressure, weight and height were measured and recorded using standard calibrated equipment.

Results:Of the 872 herdsmen, 351 (40.3%) were aged 1830 years and 632 (72.5%) migrated from the NorthWest zone of Nigeria. Almost all (n=858, 98.4%) of the subjects were ignorant of hypertension. Overweight and obesity were uncommon among the subjects. The occurrence of hypertension was 17.3% with overall average systolic blood pressure (BP) of 128.8±12.3 mmHg and diastolic BP of 84.0±8.0 mmHg. Risk factors of hypertension were types of diet [OR 0.578; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11311.418, p< 0.028], smoking habit [OR 5.147; CI: 1.02325.884, p < 0.017] and age [OR 2.656; CI: 0.6828.556, p < 0.031].

Conclusion: Majority of hypertensive herdsmen were not aware of their status, signifying a high incidence of undiagnosed and un-controlled BP among these subjects. Public health awareness on the risk factors of hypertension is essential to reduce the burden among this population. Further research is also necessary to measure the trends of hypertension among this population

Bangladesh J Medicine Jul 2016; 27(2) : 48-54

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Author Biography

Shakirat I Bello, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin


Published
2016-08-03
How to Cite
Bello, S., Ojieabu, W., & Bello, I. (2016). Prevalence of Hypertension Among Fulani Herdsmen in Rural Community of Nigeria. Bangladesh Journal of Medicine, 27(2), 48-54. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjmed.v27i2.29049
Section
Original Articles