Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education <p>The official journal of the Centre for Medical Education (CME), Mohakhali, Dhaka and the Association for Medical Education (AME), Bangladesh. Full text articles available.</p> en-US No part of the materials published in this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. Reprints of any article in the Journal will be available from the publisher. (Professor Dr. Md. Humayun Kabir Talukder) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Fri, 12 Jan 2024 09:21:11 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial Vol. 15(1) <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 1-2</p> Md Humayun Kabir Talukder Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Is Life Support Competencies an Urgent Issue in Undergraduate Medical Education of Bangladesh? <p><strong>Background:</strong> Life support skills is the golden key for any emergency situation for survival of patient from endanger situation. Medical students, intern doctors and medical graduates learn from medical teachers and emergency consultants in the emergency care settings.</p> <p><strong>Objectives-</strong> To identify the current life support competencies among the undergraduate medical students of Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2022 to June 2023 to identify the Life Support Competencies that the medical students and interns are acquiring /acquired. A self-administered semi- structured questionnaire was administered to collect data from conveniently selected 300 fifth year medical students and 321 interns, 114 recent graduate and 300 clinical teachers.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A 6 point semantic differentials scale was used to get the views of the respondents. Study revealed that out of 6- point scales (0-5) the mean of the respondent’s views regarding knowledge on management of life support competency were 1.77 to 3.06 but the means of the skilled based competencies were 1.15 to 2.75. The views of the recent graduates were statistically significantly lower on ten issues out of sixteen issues than other respondents groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The medical students and interns are acquiring inadequate life support competencies in their courses. Necessary action to be taken to improve the competencies of medical students and interns on life support emergencies.</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 1-2</p> Umme Taskia Moon, Nazma Sultana, Kazi Khairul Alam, Mohammad Abu Sayeed Talukder, Thanadar Tamjeeda Tapu, Mohammad Mohibur Rahman Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Digital Frontier: A study on Extent of Internet Use among Undergraduate Medical Students <p><strong>Background</strong>: The internet is essential for social interaction, information acquisition, and entertainment. The internet has a vast amount of knowledge that is accessible with only a click. For a student of today, it is horrifying to consider academic or research activity without internet. &nbsp;However, the indiscriminate use of the internet by individuals, especially students, may hamper their academic performance and quality of life. This study aimed to measure the extent of internet use among undergraduate medical students.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This cross-sectional study was performed among 926 undergraduate medical students and interns from nine medical colleges of Bangladesh, who were selected using the convenience sampling method. The extent of internet use was assessed by the duration of internet use for academic and non-academic purposes, as well as the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) developed by Kimberly Young.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: This study revealed that the mean (SD) hours of internet use for academic purposes, non-academic purposes and total duration of internet use were 2.34 (±1.991), 3.74 (±2.413) and 6.08 (±3.124 respectively. Additionally, 39.3%, 33%, and 2.3% of students had mild, moderate, and severe levels of internet addiction, respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results of this study indicate that a substantial proportion of undergraduate medical students are spending a considerable amount of time on the internet, with a majority using it for more than 3 hours per day on average. Moreover, a significant portion of these students demonstrated varying levels of internet addiction.</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 12-24</p> Mohammad Mahabubul Hoque, Md Kazi Khairul Alam, Abdullah Al Mujahid, Md Kamrul Ahsan Khan, Umme Taskia Moon, Najnin Akhter Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Patient Outcome through Collaborative Practice in Interprofessional Education: Views of the Major Stakeholders’ in Bangladesh <p><strong>Background: </strong>Interprofessional collaborative practice is required to deliver the highest quality of care for a better patient outcome. Interprofessional education (IPE) builds the foundation for collaborative practice. In this study, the views of the major stakeholders in Bangladesh were explored regarding possible patient outcomes through collaborative practice, which is promoted by interprofessional education.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in seven medical colleges, three nursing institutes, one health technology institute, several hospitals, and health complexes from July 2022 to June 2023. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to conveniently collect information from 273 intern doctors, 51 recently graduated doctors, 153 nursing students, 71 senior nurses, and 104 health technicians.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The study showed that the means of agreement of their views on different issues related to the patient outcome through collaborative practice were within 75.6% to 86.8%. Although majority of the respondents were convinced about the patient outcome benefits of collaborative practice, the means of agreement of the intern doctors were statistically significantly lower than means of agreement of other groups in different variables. </p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Results of this study showed that the majority of the respondents acknowledged that better patient outcomes are possible through collaborative practice, which could be promoted by IPE sessions during their academic years. From this study, it is recommended that IPE should be introduced for further improvement of health service delivery, patient satisfaction, and cost effectiveness.</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 25-35</p> Md Ashraf Uddin Chowdhury, Md Abdal Miah, Humayun Kabir Talukder, Kazi Khairul Alam, Umme Taskia Moon, Abdullah Al Mujahid Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Students’ Perspective on Prospect of Anatomy Education in Bangladesh Through E-learning Using Social Media as a Complementary Tool <p><strong>Introduction.</strong> In the recent global pandemic situation, Anatomy teaching-learning became mostly online-based. Increased use of social media for learning Anatomy is observed among medical students in Bangladesh. Although many students are constantly using social media for learning, there is a need for systematic studies about the outcome and future possibilities of social media in Anatomy education.</p> <p><strong>Objectives. </strong>This study aimed to find the prospect of e-learning through social media as a complementary tool in Anatomy education in Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods. </strong>The research was descriptive and cross-sectional. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on 317 medical undergraduates, graduates, and postgraduates of Anatomy and other disciplines to analyze their experiences using social media for learning Anatomy and their perceptions, views, and suggestions regarding its use as a complementary tool. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>Among the students, 55% were females, and 45% were males. About 95%, 84%, and 15% of the students used YouTube, Facebook, and Instagram to learn Anatomy. About 50% used YouTube, and 40% used Facebook daily. YouTube was found to be the most useful social media for learning Anatomy by 84% and Facebook by 12% of the students. These platforms became useful for the students in understanding difficult topics of Anatomy, developing interest, and preparing for examinations. The mean impact of social media on learning Anatomy was 3.603, indicating a positive impact. More than half of the students wanted to use social media as a complementary tool in the future. Different aspects of using Facebook and YouTube for learning Anatomy and suggestions for effective use were discussed.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion. </strong>YouTube and Facebook are the two most popular social media for learning Anatomy as complementary tools among Bangladeshi medical students. There is ample scope for Anatomy educators to make useful video content on YouTube.</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 36-48</p> Md Imran Waheed, Manowara Akter Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Extent of Feminization of Medical Education in Bangladesh: A Document <p><strong>Background: </strong>In last few decades, there was a trend in medical sector observing with more female admitted into different medical colleges of Bangladesh. So, this research was aimed to investigate the extent of feminization of medical education in Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This descriptive type of cross-sectional study was conducted from July’22 to June’23. Data was collected through reviewing the document to find the extent of feminization in last 15 years.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of 73481 seats, 40567 (55.21%) female and 32914 (44.79%) male were admitted in different Government, Non-Government and Armed Forces Medical Colleges of Bangladesh over 10years period. Considering the total number of students graduated, out of 42597 students, 22763 (53.44%) female and 19834 (46.56%) male graduated from different Government, Non-Government and Armed Forces Medical Colleges of Bangladesh. Out of 35993 MBBS graduates registered in Bangladesh Medical &amp; Dental Council (BM&amp;DC), 18411 (51.15%) male and 17582 (48.85%) female were registered.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The findings of this research hoped to find out the future impact of extent of feminization of medical education on health care delivery system of Bangladesh and possible ways to overcome from such situation.&nbsp;</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 49-56</p> Najnin Akhter, Md Humayun Kabir Talukder, Md Kazi Khairul Alam, Md Kamrul Ahsan Khan, Md Abdullah Al Mujahid Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Emotional Intelligence and Academic Performance of Undergraduate Medical Students of Bangladesh <p>Emotional Intelligence (EI) combines the important aspects of interpersonal and intrapersonal relationship, adaptability, mood and stress management skills which has an effect on students academic performance. It is also widely accepted as one of the dominant factor contributing to superior and professional performance. This cross-sectional study was aimed to measure the score of different dimensions of emotional intelligence of undergraduate medical students of Bangladesh to categorize the undergraduate medical students by their academic performance and sociodemographic background. The objectives of the study were also to relate the level of different dimensions of emotional intelligence with their academic and sociodemographic background using Genos Emotional Inventory (concise version) and additional questions relevant to the performance of the students. Genos Emotional Intelligence Inventory questionnaire (concise version) consists of 31 items with 5 answering options for each as per Likert scale and 5 additional questions related to academic performance. Confidentiality of the data and participants were maintained all through. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19. To determine internal consistency of the questionnaire Cranach’s alpha was used. This Study was conducted at selected medical colleges of Bangladesh .out of nine, five were government and four were non- government, five from Dhaka and four from outside of Dhaka. Study period was one year. Undergraduate students of all four phase of MBBS course were study population. Sample size was 904, pretested self-administered semi-structured questionnaire were used to collect data. Medical college and students were selected by adopting convenient sampling technique.&nbsp; This study revealed that, mean score in male was 64.47± 8 and female it was 67.2&nbsp; ± 38.14. The result of current study indicate that female undergraduate students had higher EI than their male counterpart. Among the different sub-groups&nbsp; of EI highest score&nbsp; EAO sub- group ,mean score was in male&nbsp; 70.90 ±13.48 and in female 72.47 ±12.34 . This study also showed the correlation of two variables (EI and Academic Performance) based from Pearson Correlation Coefficient is significant. It means that when EI of undergraduate medical students increases, their academic performance also trends to increase. Here nearly 9.9% of the variance in academic performance is explained by independent variables together. This study recommended that EI should be incorporated in undergraduate medical curriculum and should be taught with the details of learning outcome what are desired from registered medical graduate so that learning can be turned into practice<strong>.</strong></p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 57-66</p> Abul Bashar Mohammad Nurul Alam, Md Humayun Kabir Talukder, Kazi Khairul Alam, Mahfuzaa Akhter, Md Mahbubul Alam, Mohammad Tareq, Mohammad. Monirul Alam Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Medical students’ motivational factors and academic performance – undergraduate level of Bangladesh <p><strong>Background</strong>: Motivation is the most essential influencing factor in academic performance. It plays an important role in academics, through its persistence and involvement which correlates with different academic dimensions and achievements. Motivational processes influence an individual’s acquisition, transfer, and use of knowledge and skills. Educationally relevant concept of motivation is yet to be revealed. High intrinsic and extrinsic motivation scores are associated with higher academic achievement; whereas low intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are associated with low academic achievement.</p> <p><strong>Aim</strong>: To determine students’ academic motivational factors and its relationship with professional result.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study conducted from January 2022 to December 2022 over 540 students; among the students 209, 119, 101 and 111 were from first, second, third and fourth phases of MBBS course respectively. A self-administered semi structured questionnaire was used for quantitative data collection. For statistical analysis chi squared tests were applied.</p> <p><strong>Result</strong>: Important motivational factor for the learning was to become a good doctor (80.00%) and then to pass in the examination (65.40%). Most of the students were motivated by combined intrinsic and extrinsic mode of motivation; but these findings had no association with the performance of professional examinations.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: This study has found that academic motivation of medical students could be influence by different factors. The existence of correlations between academic motivation and professional performance is still questionable and nonconclusive.</p> <p>BJME, Volume-15, Issue-01, January 2024: 67-74</p> Molla Muhammad Abdullah Al Mamun, Kazi Khairul Alam, Humayun Kabir Talukder, Sharmin Jahan, Nazifa Islam, Mahfuza Chowdhury Copyright (c) 2024 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Fri, 12 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000