Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases <p>Published by the Bangladesh Infection Research Association. Full text articles will be available.</p> <p>This journal invites authors and reviewers to register with the journal. The online submission process is available for new submissions.</p> <p><strong>Indexed/Abstract in: </strong>ROAD (; Open DOAR, Directory of Open Access Scholars Repository; ResearchBib; BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine); Academic Resource Index;;; Infobase Index; Eurasian Scientific Journal Index; International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICJME); Easy Bib; Google Scholar; AsiaJol; Open Science Directory; EBSCO Information Service; EBSCO Open Access Journals; Hasselt University Library; Islamic Science Index (ISI); World Association of Medical Editors (WAME); Journal Factor; International Institute of Organized Research (I2OR); Impact Factor Services for International Journals (IFSIJ); Open Access Library; Scientific Indexing Services (SIS)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p class="default"><strong>Copyright</strong></p><p>Copyright on any research article in the Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases is retained by the author(s).</p><p>The authors grant the Bangladesh Infection Research Association a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.</p><p>Articles in the Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License (<a href=""></a>)</p><p>This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and it is not used for commercial purposes.</p> (Dr M Abdullah Yusuf) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Tue, 28 Apr 2020 11:43:04 +0000 OJS 60 Real Action Needed To Prevent Corona: Bangladesh Perspective <p>Abstract Not Available</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S1-S2</p> Md Ridwanur Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Diagnostic Value of High Resolution CT Imaging for COVID-19 in 24 Confirmed Cases <p><strong>Background: </strong>Covid19 virus causes pandemic worldwide.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical features and imaging characteristics on chest High-Resolution Computer Tomography (HRCT) of COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This retrospective study was conducted in the special designated department for covid-19 isolation unit under Ningxia Medical University from 10 January to 15 February 2020. The medical history, clinical symptoms, and imaging characteristics of confirmed COVID-19 patients from a single center were retrospectively analyzed. All cases underwent a chest HRCT examination.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total number of 24 patients were recruited for this study of which 18 cases had clinical symptoms of respiratory tract infection; 2 cases had symptoms other than respiratory tract and 4 cases had asymptomatic. There were 15 males and 9 females aged 17 to 74 years. The main chest HRCT manifestation was diffuse ground-glass opacity (GGO) in the peripheral zone of the lungs and under the pleura. Pulmonary interstitial changes, bronchial air signs, bronchial vascular bundle thickening, paving stone signs, and "white lung" changes appeared in some cases. A few cases have enlarged lymph nodes and a small amount of pleural effusion. <strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The COVID-19 has specific characteristics on chest HRCT.</p> <p><em>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S3-S10</em></p> Sayed Abdulla Jami, Liu Chang Hao, Brotendu Shekhar Roy, Zhanwen Zhou, MM Sohel Tanvir, Siam Al Mobarak ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Laboratory Detection of Covid19 Cases: A Systematic Review <p><strong>Background:</strong> The world is struggling to contain the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and the healthcare infrastructure and testing capacity have emerged as major issues. Adequate testing capacity for SARS-CoV-2 is lacking worldwide, preventing people from accessing care. It also means the community is relying on models and estimates to get an accurate picture of the outbreak and its evolution, even though this information is critical to inform public health measures that could stop or slow diseases transmission. Different countries have implemented different testing strategies, reflecting the availability of diagnostics and reagents and the needs of the individual health systems.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to see the different laboratory tests for detection of SARS Cov2 from Covid19 patients.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>We searched electronic databases like MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Science Citation Index, checked documents and references, and contacted experts. We included WHO reported Corona diseases (COVID-19) situation reports from January 2020 to April 10, 2020 related to the diagnosis of COVID-19 diseases. Both reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts, assessed studies for inclusion, appraised quality, and extracted data.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Regular confirmation of COVID-19 was based on the detection of particular sequences of viral RNA by NAAT such as Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sensitivity was comparatively high in the first week. Serological assays are qualitative detection of IgM and IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in serum gave result within 2 to 10 minutes. The rapid antigen tests might be providing the advantage of fast time to results and low cost detection of human CoVs, however they were likely to suffer from reduced sensitivity based on the experience with this method for other respiratory viruses.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Immunological assays are never goanna be better than molecular ones. May be molecular and immunological tests combined can be a good strategy.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S11-S17</p> Moonmoon Shormin, Md Abdullah Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Routes of Transmission of Newly Emerging SARS-CoV-2: A Systematic Review <p><strong>Background:</strong> In December 2019, a novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) causes atypical pneumonia now known as “corona virus disease 2019” (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly throughout the world.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of the present study was to identify the different plausible routes of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 into the human body.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index and Chinese database) checked documents and references. We included all the studies regarding potential routes of transmission of SARS-CoV-2. All reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts, assessed studies for inclusion, appraised quality, and extracted data.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> SARS-CoV-2 has been found to have higher level of transmissibility than other two pathogenic CoVs. Sustained human to human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has already been established though the exact route of transmission is yet to be determined. Similar to other CoVs, respiratory droplet and contact with contaminated surfaces are considered as principle route of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 whereas aerosol, feco-oral, perinatal, ocular surface and transfusion transmissions are the plausible route of spreading of this highly pathogenic CoVs.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In the current review, we summarize the potential route of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the light of previous SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV outbreaks to solidify the scientific basis on which important decisions can be made.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S18-S31</p> Mahmuda Yeasmin, Jannatut Tasnim, Arifa Akram, Md Abdullah Yusuf, AKM Shamsuzzaman, Md Maruf Ahmed Molla, Asish Kumar Ghosh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Covid19 Infection Caused by SARS CoV2: A Review <p>SARS CoV2 infects the people worldwide and causes a disease named Covid19. It has been first discovered in Wuhan city of central China. Chinese people are presented with severe lung inflammatory pneumonia. No definite cause of their disease could be found, or they could not be cured by conventional anti-viral treatment. The market shoppers and buyers are infected at first through the evolution of any animal sold in the wholesale market of Huanan seafood in Wuhan city. Later, Chinese scientists are able to detect this new type of coronavirus through lab tests. SARS CoV2 has been first transmitted from animals to humans, it is currently able to transmit from human to human. So far, no specific medicine or vaccine has been developed for the disease; therefore, there is no way to cure the disease without intensive treatment at the hospital. This narrative review is written based on SARS CoV2 viral infection.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020; 7(Suppl_1):S32-S35</p> Zahid Dewan Shamim, Md Abdullah Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Molecular Structure, Pathogenesis and Virology of SARS-CoV-2: A Review <p>SARS-CoV-2 or 2019 n-CoV is a newly identified coronavirus which has a high similarity with SARS CoV. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has resulted about 1850220 cases and 114215 deaths worldwide up to 13<sup>th</sup> April, 2020. The clinical criteria of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia range from mild to critically ill cases. To characterize and control the disease, Chinese authorities did an immediate investigation, including isolation of suspected people, close monitoring of contacts, epidemiological and clinical data collection from patients, and development of diagnostic and treatment procedures. SARS-CoV-2 poses a significant public health risk for human transmission via the S protein–ACE2 binding pathway. It’s spike (S) glyco protein promotes entry into cells. To date, the SARS-CoV-2 genome has been considered genetically more stable than other pandemic viruses like SARS-CoV or MERS-CoV. The rapid global spread of 2019-nCoV, which prompted the PHEIC declaration by WHO, signals the urgent need for corona virus vaccines and therapeutics.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S36-S40</p> Arifa Akram, Nusrat Mannan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Preventive and Control Measures of COVID-19 Patients: A Review <p>Covid19 is an acute respiratory disease which is caused by a novel coronavirus. This virus has been found in January 7, 2020 from China. The virus was previously known as 2019-nCOV. This particular virus is high chance of spread. Preventive measures are very essential for the health care workers. Proper preventive measures can only be applied to stop the spread of this virus.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S41-S44</p> Tarek Mahbub Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) in COVID-19 Outbreak <p>Abstract not available </p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S45-S47</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> MM Jalal Uddin, Mohammad Tariqul Alam, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Niaz Mohammad Khan, Surazit Kumar Talukder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Dilemma of Laboratory Diagnosis of COVID-19 Patients <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S48-S50</p> Fatima Amin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Different Management Strategy of Covid19 Patients <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S51-S53</p> Md Ashraful Haque, Lubana Akram ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Variation of Clinical Features of Covid19 Patients <p>In December 2019, the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, began in China, which has now spread many countries around the globe in a form of pandemic, with the number of confirmed cases increasing every day. With a death toll exceeding that of the SARS-CoV outbreak, 2019-nCoV has led to a public health emergency of international concern, putting all health organizations around the world on a high alert. Here, we presented an overview of the currently available information on the clinical presentation and complication of this virus.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S54-S57</p> Nusrat Mannan, Arifa Akram ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Novel Coronavirus: A New Challenge for Medical Scientist? <p>Abstract Not Available</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S58-S60</p> Zubair Ahmed Ratan, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nusrat Jahan Runa, Bhuiyan Mohammad Mahtab Uddin, Mohammad Faisal Haidere, Sujit Kumar Sarker, Sojib Bin Zaman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Herd Immunity of Covid19- Goal or Outcomes? <p>Abstract not available.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S61-S62</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Reaz Fatema Popy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Outbreak of Covid19 Disease: Is It Resultant of Our Voraciousness? <p>Abstract not available.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S63-S65</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Saif Ullah Munshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Biosafety Measures in the Laboratory during Handling of Specimens of Suspected COVID-19 Patients <p>Abstract not available.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2020;7(suppl_1):S66-S68</p> Zakir Hossain Habib, Ahmed Nawsher Alam ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 24 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000