Self-reported Oral and Dental Health Status among the Pregnant Women of a Selected Hospital in Dhaka City
Aims: The aims of this study were to gain an understanding of pregnant women s oral hygiene practices and to assess the oral and dental health status.
Materials and Methods: A semi - structured questionnaire was completed by 100 pregnant women of the gynecology department of Dr. Akhter Jahan Mirza Hospital, Dhaka.
Results: The women in this study 40% were in 19-22 years age group. Forty eight percent (48%) women of the subjects were having up to high school level education & 28% had low income of Sixty Thousand to One Lac taka yearly. In relation to oral hygiene habit before pregnancy majority of the women (56%) stated that they brush their teeth once a day, 19% use dental floss and 14% use mouth rinse once a day. During pregnancy women seemed to be slightly more concerned about oral hygiene but not significantly. Only 66% brush their teeth and 17% floss their teeth and 18% use mouth rinse once a day during pregnancy. The major problem in their mouth noticed by the women during pregnancy was bleeding gums (58%).
Conclusion: This study feels the necessity of giving special attention to pregnant women s oral health in Bangladesh. Women should be educated on good oral hygiene practices so as to minimize prevalence of poor maternal oral health during pregnancy.
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research and Education Vol.4(2) 2014: 61-64