Influence of Nutritional Status of Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) on Treatment Outcome after Completion of Induction

Authors

  • SM Rezanur Rahman Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Haematology and Oncology, Dhaka Medical Collage, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Chowdhury Yakub Jamal Professor, Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, BSMMU
  • Akm Amirul Morshed Khasru Director General, Director General of Medical Education
  • Zohora Jameela Khan Professor, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Dhaka Medical College
  • Mehnaz Akter Assistant Professor, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Dhaka Medical College
  • Zannat Ara Assistant Professor, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Dhaka Medical College
  • Hosna Jhahan Assistant Registrar, Department of General Surgery, Dhaka dental College Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v46i1.69976

Keywords:

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Malnutrition, Anthropometric measurements, Impact of nutritional status, Treatment outcome

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition and cancer both influences tolerance and response to treatment especially ALL. Malnutrition increases morbidity, mortality, reduces the effectiveness of treatment and impairs the quality of life significantly.

Objective: Assessment of the nutritional status and its influence on treatment outcome children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) before and after induction chemotherapy.

Materials & Methods: This prospective observational study included 72 children with ALL, aged 1-15 years, was conducted from January to December 2014 in the Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, BSMMU. The anthropometric measurements (weight-for-age, height-for-age, weight-for-height, MUAC, BMI) hematological and biochemical parameter (serum albumin, total protein) were measured. The children got induction chemotherapy according to the UK ALL 2003 (modified) protocol.

Results: Among the study population, 18(39.1%) were underweight, 8(17.4%) were stunted, 16(34.8%) were wasted, MUAC for age 14(56.0%) and BMI for age 12(57.1%) were malnourished, 10.9% had low total proteins (<5.7g/dl), 37.0% low serum albumin (<3.2g/dL). Mean anthropometric measurements and biochemical parameters were higher among the survivors compared to non-survivors. Significant difference was found between the well-nourished and the malnourished group according to WAZ. Complications like febrile neutropenia, treatment delay, number of transfusion (PRBC) requirement were more in malnourished group.

Conclusion: Malnutrition is widely prevalent in children with ALL and a major determining factor in treatment planning, complications and final outcome.

BANGLADESH J CHILD HEALTH 2022; VOL 46 (1) : 3-8

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Published

2023-11-23

How to Cite

Rahman, S. R. ., Jamal, C. Y. ., Khasru, A. A. M. ., Khan, Z. J. ., Akter, M. ., Ara, Z. ., & Jhahan, H. . (2023). Influence of Nutritional Status of Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) on Treatment Outcome after Completion of Induction. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 46(1), 3–8. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v46i1.69976

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Original Articles