The Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Among Children Attending Urban and Rural Hospitals

  • Mohd Shamsul Alam Medical Officer, Narayanganj 250 bed Hospital
  • Soofia Khatoon Professor and Head of the Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Child and Mother Health (ICMH)
  • Rezoana Rima Specialist Paediatrician, United Hospitals Ltd
  • Sabina Afrin M phil Student, NIPSOM
Keywords: Serosurvilance, Hepatitis B virus

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to a) find out and compare the period prevalence of HBsAg in children attending outdoor and indoor of an urban and a rural hospital b) determine the risk factors for Hepatitis B surface antigen positivity.

Materials and Methods: Three hundred and twenty three children were included in this study. Among them 162 attended an urban hospital and 161 attended a rural hospital. Collected sera were examined for HBsAg by ELISA method in a standard laboratory.

Results: Among the 162 urban children 17 (10.5%) were found to be HBsAg positive and among the 161 rural children 6 (3.7%) were found to be HBsAg positive. This difference is statistically significant (P value < 0.05).

In urban area, 12 (16.2%) school aged, 3 (6%) pre-school children and 2 (5.5%) infants were found to be HBsAg positive. In rural area, more pre-school (6%) than school children (2.8%) were found to be HBsAg positive. In urban area, 11.5% male children and 9.5% female children were found to be HBsAg positive and in rural area, 5.2% male and 2.8% female children were to be HBsAg positive. Among 17 HBsAg positive cases who attended urban hospital, 11 (19.6%) had past history of jaundice and 6 (5.6%) had no past history of Jaundice (P value < 0.05). Among those 17 HBsAg positive cases, 13 (14.6%) had past history of inoculation within last 6 months and 4 (5.5%) had no such history. This difference is also statistically significant (P value < 0.005).

Conclusion: Prevalence of positive HBsAg marker is fairly high in urban children (10.5%). Prevalence of HBsAg has no age and sex prediction. More sero-positive children in urban area have previous history of jaundice and history of inoculation in last 6 months, but no one in rural area had history of jaundice or inoculation within last 6 months.

Key word: Serosurvilance; Hepatitis B virus.

N.B. This publication is based on a dissertation

DOI: 10.3329/bjch.v30i1.6178

Bangladesh J Child Health 2006; VOL 30 (1/2/3): 17-21

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How to Cite
Alam, M., Khatoon, S., Rima, R., & Afrin, S. (1). The Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Among Children Attending Urban and Rural Hospitals. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 30(1), 17-21. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v30i1.6178
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