Recurrent and Persistent Pneumonia in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital: Clinical Profile and Etiology

  • Nazia Hossain Resident Medical Officer, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka
  • Kamruzzaman Kamrul Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka
  • Akhand Tanzih Sultana Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu(Children) Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Shakibur Rahman FCPS Part –II student (Pediatric Pulmonology), Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Ruhul Amin Professor and head, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka
Keywords: Persistent pneumonia;, Recurrent Pneumonia;, Cystic Fibrosis;, Pulmonary TB

Abstract

Background: Recurrent and persistent pneumonia have become a challenge for the physicians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile and determine the underlying causes of recurrent and persistent pneumonia among the children admitted in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital.

Methods: In this study, retrospective analysis of medical records of the children was done, who met the criteria of recurrent pneumonia and persistent pneumonia. Analyzed Patients were admitted in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital from January 2016 to Decembe 2016.

Results: A total of 30 patients were analyzed during the study period. Twenty-four patients presented with recurrent pneumonia (80%) and six patients presented with persistent pneumonia (20%) during the study a period. After analysis of clinical profile, identified causes were pulmonary TB (23.3%), congenital heart disease (13.3%), cystic fibrosis (16.6%), aspiration syndrome (13.3%), bronchial asthma (10%), immune deficiency disorders (10%), bronchiectasis (6.6%), congenital lung agenesis (3.3%), unknown cause (3.3%).

Conclusion: The most frequent underlying cause for recurrent and/or persistent pneumonia was pulmonary TB followed by congenital heart disease and cystic fibrosis among the patients admitted in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital.

Bangladesh J Child Health 2018; VOL 42 (3) :125-129

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Author Biographies

Nazia Hossain, Resident Medical Officer, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka

Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology

Kamruzzaman Kamrul, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka

Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology

Akhand Tanzih Sultana, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu(Children) Hospital, Dhaka

Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology

Md Shakibur Rahman, FCPS Part –II student (Pediatric Pulmonology), Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka

Pediatric Pulmonology

Md Ruhul Amin, Professor and head, Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka

Dept. of Pediatric Pulmonology

Published
2018-12-17
How to Cite
Hossain, N., Kamrul, K., Sultana, A., Rahman, M. S., & Amin, M. R. (2018). Recurrent and Persistent Pneumonia in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital: Clinical Profile and Etiology. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 42(3), 125-129. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v42i3.39261
Section
Original Articles