Comparative Study of Early Versus Delayed Enteral Feeding in Development of Necrotizing Enterocolitis for Preterm Small for Date Babies

Authors

  • Piya Biswas Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Park View Medical College, Sylhet
  • Jugindra Singha Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Mujibul Hoque Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Md Monir Hossain Assistant Professor, Department of Neonatology, MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Manajjir Ali Ex-Professor and Head, Department of Paediatrics, MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v41i2.36103

Keywords:

Necrotizing enterocolitis, Early Feeding, Late feeding, Preterm Small for Date Babies

Abstract

Background: Growth-restricted preterm infants are at increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and initiation of enteral feeding is frequently delayed, even though delayed enteral feeding could diminish the functional adaptation of the gastrointestinal tract and result in feeding intolerance later.

Objectives: To evaluate the development of necrotizing enterocolitis of early and delayed enteral feeding in preterm small for date babies (weighing 1000-1499 grams).

Materials and Methods: This was a consecutive sampling technique, conducted in the Department of Paediatrics Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital during the period from July 2012 to June 2014. One hundred and forty neonates with preterm small for date babies were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were baby born preterm (<37 completed weeks) having birth weight below 10th percentile for gestational age, birth weight 1000- 1499 grams (VLBW), less than 48 hours postnatal age. Exclusion criteria were major congenital anomaly, Rhesus iso-immunization and Multiorgan dysfunction. They were divided randomly into two groups as Group A (early feeding group) and Group B (late feeding group) each consisting of 70 patients. After randomization 10 patients from group-A and 5 patients from group-B were excluded from analysis due to incomplete data. So, final sample size was 60 patients in Group A and 65 patients in Group B.

Results: Gestational age (34.27 ±1.07 weeks vs 33.97 ± 1.30 weeks; p=0.167), sex (41 male, 19 female vs 40 male, 25 female; p=0.427) and weight (1196.3 ±135.9 gram vs 1172.3 ±136.4 gram; p=0.288) were statistically similar in early and late feeding group. Development of necrotizing enterocolitis [4 (6.7%) vs 5 (7.7%); p=1.000] and sepsis [3 (5.0%) vs 5 (7.7%); p=0.719] did not differ between early and late feeding group. Final outcome such as discharged home [45 (75.0%) vs 47 (72.3%); p>0.05], death [10 (16.7%) vs 11 (16.9%); p>0.05], oral feeding not established [1 (1.7%) vs 2 (3.1%); p>0.05], referred to paediatric surgery [4 (6.7%) vs 5 (7.7%); p>0.05] did not differ significantly between early and late feeding group. Causes of death were sepsis in 3 (30.0%), recurrent apnoea in 4 (40.0%)] and hypothermia in 3 (30.0%) in early feeding group; while causes of death were sepsis in 5 (45.5%), recurrent apnoea in 4 (36.4%)] and hypothermia in 2 (18.1%) neonates in late feeding group (p=0.861,p=0.881,p=0.781 respectively).

Conclusion: Findings of this consecutive sampling technique concludes that early enteral feeding with breast milk does not increase the incidence of NEC, sepsis and death.

Bangladesh J Child Health 2017; VOL 41 (2) :84-91

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Published

2018-03-25

How to Cite

Biswas, P., Singha, J., Hoque, M., Hossain, M. M., & Ali, M. (2018). Comparative Study of Early Versus Delayed Enteral Feeding in Development of Necrotizing Enterocolitis for Preterm Small for Date Babies. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 41(2), 84–91. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v41i2.36103

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Original Articles