Pulse Oximetry Screening in newborn for early detection of Critical Congenital Heart Disease - A review

  • Sukhendu Shekhar Sen Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Agrabad, Chittagong
  • Taskina Mosleh Medical officer, Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
  • Ismat Jahan Medical officer, Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
  • Sanjoy Kumer Dey Associate Professor, Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka
Keywords: Pulse oximetry, Critical Congenital Heart disease

Abstract

Approximately 9 of 1000 live births have congenital heart disease, of these ~25% have critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Delayed or missed diagnosis of CCHD may result in acute cardiovascular collapse. Echocardiography is a necessary diagnostic tool but its cost is a severe limitation as a universal screening tool. Clinically undetectable hypoxemia is present to some degree in most CCHD and this technique can be used as a screening method for early detection. In 2012, a systematic review involving over 300,000 babies reported that pulse oximetry test is highly specific (99.9%) and moderately sensitive (76.5%) with a low false positive rate (0.05%). The test is simple, feasible, cost effective, highly specific and sufficiently sensitive to qualify for screening test. Parents and caregivers should be informed that pulse oximetry cannot detect all cases of CCHD. A positive test result needs to be confirmed by echocardiography, which is considered as the definitive diagnostic modality. Whenever possible, the echocardiogram should be interpreted by pediatric cardiologists

Bangladesh J Child Health 2015; VOL 39 (3) :148-153

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Author Biography

Sukhendu Shekhar Sen, Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Chattagram Maa-O-Shishu Hospital Medical College, Agrabad, Chittagong


Published
2017-02-13
How to Cite
Sen, S., Mosleh, T., Jahan, I., & Dey, S. (2017). Pulse Oximetry Screening in newborn for early detection of Critical Congenital Heart Disease - A review. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 39(3), 148-153. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v39i3.31581
Section
Review Article