Maternal and perinatal outcome of pre-eclampsia in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus

Authors

  • Flora Tasmin Nahar Senior Medical Officer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BIRDEM General Hospital-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shahana Shermin Senior Medical Officer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BIRDEM General Hospital-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ferdousi Begum Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BIRDEM General Hospital-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • TA Chowdhury Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BIRDEM General Hospital-2, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v12i2.59610

Keywords:

Pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, intra-uterine growth retardation, pre-maturity

Abstract

Background: Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal mortality in Bangladesh. The most common problem of the gestational diabetic mother is increased incidence of pre-eclampsia. The aim of the study was to compare the maternal and perinatal outcome of diabetic pregnancy complicated with pre-eclampsia and without preeclampsia.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study including 70 gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) cases with pre-eclampsia and 70 patients with GDM without pre-eclampsia admitted in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of BIRDEM General Hospital-2. A detailed history was taken, and relevant data were collected through interview in a structured questionnaire and analyses were done according to objectives of the study.

Results: In this study, 82% patients were delivered by Caesarean section in the study group (pre-eclampsia) and 72% patients were delivered by Caesarean section in the control group (p value 0.158). Rate of pre-term delivery was 55% in the studygroup and 32% in the control group (p value <0.001). In the study group percentage of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was 11.4% and in control group proportion of percentage of IUGR was 1.4%. There was oligo-hydramnios in 32% subjects of the study group and 22% of control group (p value 3.32). In the study group 44% babies were low birth weight whereas in control group 8% were low birth weight (p value <0.001).

Conclusion: The rates of pre-maturity and low birth weight were significantly higher among patients of GDM with pre-eclampsia in comparison to patients with GDM without pre-eclampsia.

BIRDEM Med J 2022; 12(2): 106-110

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Published

2022-05-10

How to Cite

Nahar, F. T. ., Shermin, S. ., Begum, F. ., & Chowdhury, T. . (2022). Maternal and perinatal outcome of pre-eclampsia in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus. BIRDEM Medical Journal, 12(2), 106–110. https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v12i2.59610

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Original Articles