Correlation between Platelet Count vs Spleen Bipolar Diameter Ratio and Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis

Authors

  • Md Mahfuzzaman Consultant Gastroenterologist, Islami Bank Hospital, Rajshahi
  • Md Nazmul Hoque Associate Prof. and Head, Department of GHPD, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Shireen Ahmed Registrar, Department of GHPD, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Tareq Mahmud Bhuiyan Prof. and Head, Department of Medicine, Dr. Sirajul Islam Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v8i2.36648

Keywords:

Liver Cirrhosis, Platelet Count / Spleen Bipolar Diameter Ratio, Esophageal Varices

Abstract

Background: Esophageal variceal bleeding is a potentially fatal complication in patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. In cirrhotic patients, endoscopic screening for esophageal varices (EV)is currently recommended at the time of diagnosis. The present study intends to find out correlation between platelet countspleen bipolar diameter ratio and esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis and prospectively validate its use for the noninvasive diagnosis of EV.

Methods: This observational study was done at theDepartment of Gastrointestinal Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Disorder, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka, during the period of November, 2013 to October, 2014. A total 64 patients with cirrhosis of liver were included. Complete blood count, liver function tests, ultrasonographyof whole abdomenand endoscopy of upper gastro-intestinal tract (GIT)were done in all patients. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS version 16.

Results: Among 64 study population EV were detected in 54 patients (84.4%). The platelet count/ spleen bipolar diameter ratio was significantly higher without EV compared with those with EV(1570 ± 493) and (688 ± 227), respectively; (p<0.001).Patients with EV had lower platelet counts (86799.84 ±27389.99/mm3, p<0.001), higher bipolar spleen diameters (127.94±15.14 mm, p<0.001) and lower platelet count/ spleen bipolar diameter ratios (688.79 ±227.13, p<0.001). In this analysis, by applying (ROC)curve the platelet count-spleen bipolar diameter ratio at a cut-of 908.5 maintained high sensitivity (100 %), Robust negative predictive value NPV (100%),specificity (55.6%) and PPV (85.4%), with an overall diagnostic accuracy of 87.50% for the prediction of EV.With advancing Child-Pugh (C-P) class the percentage of patients with varices increased, 33.3% in C-P class A, 85.7% in C-P class B and 91.6% in C-P class C. The presence of EVcorrelated significantly with the severity of liver cirrhosis (p = 0.03) as measured by Child-Pugh score.

Conclusion: The identification of non-endoscopic, noninvasive methods that can accurately predict esophageal varicesin cirrhosis of liver has been addressed in several recent studies. This study was yet another attempt to achieve this goal. Predicting the presence of EV by noninvasive means would restrict the performance of endoscopy and reducing the number of unpleasant screening endoscopies

Birdem Med J 2018; 8(2): 159-166

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Published

2018-05-16

How to Cite

Mahfuzzaman, M., Hoque, M. N., Ahmed, S., & Bhuiyan, T. M. (2018). Correlation between Platelet Count vs Spleen Bipolar Diameter Ratio and Esophageal Varices in Liver Cirrhosis. BIRDEM Medical Journal, 8(2), 159–166. https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v8i2.36648

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Original Articles