Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 2020-10-24T13:48:36+00:00 Professor Shamima Parvin Lasker Open Journal Systems <p>Bangladesh Jounal of Bioethics (BJBio) is the Official Journal of the Bangladesh Bioethics Society. It is a quarterly, doubled–blinded, peer-reviewed, open-access journal. No submission fee, no article processing or publication fee. It is completely free. Please submit your manuscript online. Each manuscript will be published immediately after acceptance. We do not publish any advertisement. The journal follows the ICMJ recommendations of authorship. Full text articles available. It is Indexed and viewed from</p> <p><a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Banglajol;</a>&nbsp;<a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> DOAJ;</a>&nbsp; <a title="HINARY" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">HINARY</a>; <a href="">IMSEAR (WHO);</a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research ;</a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ROAD</a>; <a title="WAME" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">World Association of Medical Journal Editors (WAME);</a><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI), India,;</a> <a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science;</a>&nbsp;<a href=";x=2&amp;y=6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">, Switzerland;</a> <a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Georgetown University Law Library, USA,&nbsp;</a></p> <p><a href="">&nbsp;NCBI , </a>NLM ID=101591288&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Member: <a title="WAME" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">World Association of Medical Journal Editors (WAME);</a> <a href=";x=2&amp;y=6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">, Switzerland;</a></p> Environmental Ethics through Value-Based Education 2020-10-24T13:48:36+00:00 Ravichandran Moorthy Gabriel Tyoyila Akwen <p>Environmental ethics is the subject in philosophy that examines the moral relationship of human beings to the environment and its non-human species. It concerns human’s ethical relationship with the natural environment. The central question concerning environmental ethics is essentially – what is human being’s moral obligation concerning the natural environment? The paper will firstly provide a review of the ethical relations of humans and the environment, secondly examine how value-based education can assist in inculcating environmental ethics among learners.</p> 2020-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reflections of the Ethics on Coexisting with Disaster 2020-10-24T13:47:40+00:00 H.W. Angela Lo, Ed. D. Vincent Shieh, Ed.D. Yung-Jong Shiah, PhD <p>With the increasing number of human disasters in recent years, disaster service workers are faced with an ever-growing challenge of criticism concerning their professional competence. The workers also realize the limitation inherent in their practice, as well as bioethics problems regarding autonomy and heteronomy. Therefore, professionals and researchers of human service devote to the issue of post-disaster rehabilitation of the people so as to identify an effective way and practice to aid the post-disaster individual, family and community. This study explores the effectiveness of rehabilitative function of disaster service workers through the action research of Typhoon Morakot and the 2014 Gas Explosion in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. The case studies serves as a platform for the<br>discussion of principles of bioethics and the analysis of the process of self-discipline of the workers of human services in hope of ultimately establishing bioethical principles for heteronomy during disasters and work indicators for post-disaster community restoration. Discuss Issues are 1. How can self-discipline in bioethics be achieved for the human service workers during times of disaster? 2. In post-disaster reconstruction, how does the human service worker take into? account bioethical principles to serve and partake in the restoration of the postdisaster life of community residents? 3. During the process of a disaster research, what are the bioethical considerations to be taken into for the test subjects? Conclusion and suggestions: To formulate indicators for a post-disaster “community of health and wellness;” to establish bioethical principles of heteronomy for disaster service workers</p> 2020-09-17T17:11:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Adverse Impacts of Unethical Anthropogenic Activities upon the Teknaf Peninsula Ecologically Critical Area, Cox’s Bazar 2020-10-24T13:47:48+00:00 Saima Ahmad <p>The coastal zone of Bangladesh is endowed with dynamic ‘Terrestrial’ and ‘Coastal and Marine ecosystem’. The zone confronts with declined environmental quality owing to unethical anthropogenic interventions. Few studies regarding ethical attitudes of local communities to conserve the coast were conducted earlier. Two objectives, such as (i) heavy metal concentration, and (ii) physio-chemical quality of sample soil and water were selected to reveal the environmental state of study area. Five heavy metals like- Cadmium, Copper, Iron, Lead, and Zinc; and four physio-chemical parameters such as, the pH, Electrical Conductivity, Temperature, and Turbidity of sample soil and water were measured. The average concentration of Pb in soil is 10 times higher than world average (0.03 mg/g), while Cd concentration in soil is two times more than world average (0.11 mg/L). The concentration of Fe at Inani beach water is 1.54 mg/g more than world average (3.4 mg/g). The physio-chemical parameters are within standard range. Unethical discharge of toxic effluents from shrimp hatcheries, and municipal garbage are main sources of pollution, which ensue into environmental degradations. Concentration of five heavy metals and Calcium Carbonate (CaCO<sub>3</sub>) in sample mollusk shells exhibit biodiversity deterioration. The mollusk shells from Inani beach contains 0.04 mg/L Cd,0.08 mg/L Cu, 0.42 mg/L Fe, 0.38 mg/L Pb, and &nbsp;0.07 mg/L Zn. The CaCO<sub>3</sub> content in mollusk shells at Inani beach is 49.5%, which indicates the degradation of the mollusks, as shells normally are made with 95% - 97% Calcium Carbonate. Hence, the Department of Environment (DOE), Bangladesh (GoB) declared the area as an ‘Ecologically Critical Area’ (ECA). The concerned stakeholders, like- CPP volunteers and officials, Forest Division, Fisheries Research Institute, Bangladesh Water Development Board, Union Chairman and Journalists of Cox’s Bazar recommended insertion of moral values among local stakeholders through trainings, motivational lectures, demonstrations and dramas, as well as, incorporation of lessons about consequences of unethical activities upon geo-environment into text books. Though least practice has been found regarding moral values during survey, the present research advocates in developing ‘Knowledge pool’ about coastal environment, creating awareness, and developing moral ethics among the local, regional and national stakeholders.</p> 2020-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Implementation of Nagoya Protocol and its Ethical Dilemma – the Case Study of Indonesia 2020-10-24T13:47:44+00:00 Endang Sukara Safendrri Komara Ragamustari Ernawati Sinaga <p>Indonesia consists of more than 17,000 islands separated for hundreds of thousands of years making both the biodiversity and culture diverse. Strong connection between people and biodiversity form a vast array of traditional knowledges retaliated to the conservation and use of biological diversity. During the last 3 decades, tremendous advancement on science and technology has been able to uncover the intrinsic value of biodiversity. Many lead chemical compounds have been isolated and identified, and has opened up huge opportunities in developing new business based on biodiversity. International cooperation between Japan and Indonesia successfully isolated more than 1,000 species of actinomycetes from diverse ecosystems and more than 30% are new species. This group of microbe is important for future pharmaceutical industries. The consciousness on intrinsic value of biodiversity is, however, only being understood by countries having high science and technology capacity. The intrinsic value of biodiversity remains abstract to most of the people in the developing and less developed nations. The Convention on Biological Diversity (UN-CBD), Cartagena and Nagoya Protocol are legal documents to ensure conservation, sustainable use and sharing of the benefit from the utilization of biodiversity and its components. There is a high demand for the developed nations on access to biodiversity to uncover its benefit. The mechanism on access, fair and equitable sharing of the benefit from the utilization of biodiversity and its component are certainly full of ethical dilemma. For this, there is a great need for the developing country having rich biodiversity find the most appropriate way to manage biodiversity and traditional knowledge for their prosperity.&nbsp; Trust between countries rich in biodiversity and countries having high science and technology capacity is a crucial factor. Greater transparency and the recognition on comprehensive rights of people providing biodiversity is a key element in maintaining trust. Ethical standards cannot depend solely on rules or guidelines.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##