Intimate Partner Violence in Bangladesh: A Scoping Review

Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence, Health Consequence, Scoping Review, Bangladesh

Abstract

Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has unfavorable consequences for women as well as for newborn babies, which is very serious and preventable public health problem. It is believed to have an excessive occurrence in lives of women in South Asia. The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence, risk factors and consequences of IPV in Bangladesh. Methods: A scoping review was carried out based on the past 12 years of posted and gray literature about IPV in Bangladesh using Arksey and O’Malley’s framework. Only the literature addressing abuses or violence in households or outside including physical, sexual or mental violence on the married woman in Bangladesh were taken into consideration for the study. Results: The overall prevalence of IPV in Bangladesh, the latest reviews of rates ranging from 15.5-82.7%.Most of the IPV in Bangladesh was based totally on the experience of legally married women. The main risk factors of IPV in Bangladesh were women being younger, from lower socioeconomic reputation, from lower academic attainment and lower education of husband, dowry, child marriage, perceived disobedience of wives, family conflict, children had recently been ill, and incapability of to furnish sexual satisfaction. Maternal depressive symptoms, signs of stress, anxiety and constraint to the better health of young children are the main consequences of IPV in Bangladesh. Besides, IPV causes unwanted pregnancy, pregnancy loss in the form of miscarriage, induced abortion, or stillbirth and termination of pregnancy in Bangladesh. Conclusions: Woman’s empowerment may reduce IPV and understanding attitudes towards IPV in cultural context could be crucial for developing interventions to reduce IPV and its consequences.

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Author Biographies

Jhantu Bakchi, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of Public Health

Satyajit Kundu, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh

Department of Biochemistry and Food Analysis

Subarna Ghosh, Primeasia University, Bangladesh

Lecturer, Department of Public Health Nutrition

Sumaiya Akter, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh

Department of Food Microbiology

Published
2018-11-04
How to Cite
Bakchi, J., Kundu, S., Ghosh, S., & Akter, S. (2018). Intimate Partner Violence in Bangladesh: A Scoping Review. Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics, 9(3), 15-27. https://doi.org/10.3329/bioethics.v9i3.48913
Section
Articles