Health promoting pigments and bioactive compounds of six vegetables grown in Bangladesh

  • Rowshon Sultana Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Mohammed Arif Sadik Polash Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Arif Sakil Food Biochemistry Lab, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Shagata Islam Shorna Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Shahidur Rahman Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Atikur Rahman Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdul Hakim Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Alamgir Hossain Plant Physiology Lab, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Keywords: anti-oxidant properties; bioactive compounds; cardio-protective molecule; vegetables; vitamin C

Abstract

Increasing of chronic diseases due to low consumption of vegetables considered one of the crucial challenges to human being in current circumstance. Adequate intake of vegetables only the possible solution from get rid of the problem. So it is indispensible to determine food value present in vegetables which were the core objective of our present study. Among the tested vegetables beetroot showed the highest nitrate content (874 mg Kg-1) whereas the lowest nitrate content was found in bitter gourd (56 mg Kg-1). Total chlorophyll content was in cucumber, bitter gourd, beetroot, tomato and brinjal was 10 5.89, 4, 0.80 and 0.78 mg 100g-1, respectively. The highest carotene contain was found in cucumber (1.63 mg100g-1). Beetroot, tomato, brinjal and bitter gourd showed reduction in carotene content at 61.96, 71.16, 87.73 and 97.71%, respectively in response to cucumber. Lycopene content was the highest in beetroot (3.46 mg 100g-1) and the lowest in brinjal (0.115 mg 100g-1). All the tested vegetables contained abundance vitamin C (ranges from85.71 to 17.14 mg 100g-1). DPPH radical scavenging activity was present in all tested vegetables in which beetroot exhibited the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 1.17 μgml-1.

Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. June 2019, 5(4): 280-285

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Abstract
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Published
2020-02-03
How to Cite
Sultana, R., Polash, M. A., Sakil, M. A., Shorna, S. I., Rahman, M. S., Rahman, M. A., Hakim, M. A., & Hossain, M. A. (2020). Health promoting pigments and bioactive compounds of six vegetables grown in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 5(4), 280-285. https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v5i4.45265
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Articles