Simple Screening Tests for the Detection of Metallo-β-Lactamase (MBL) Production in Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter

Shaheda Anwar, Md Ruhul Amin Miah, Ahmed Abu Saleh, Humayun Sattar, Sharmeen Ahmed

Abstract

There are no standard methods for the detection of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) production in gram
negative organism in routine microbiology practice. The present study was undertaken to evaluate
the screening tests like double disk synergy test (DDST) and disk potentiation test (DPT) using
ceftazidime (CAZ) and imipenem (IPM) disks with chelating agents like EDTA, 2-mercaptopropionic
acid (2-MPA). A total of 132 Pseudomonas and 76 Acinetobacter isolates were obtained from
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Bangladesh Institute of Research
and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM) hospitals of Dhaka
city. A total of 53 and 29 IPM resistant Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter isolates were selected.
EDTA-IPM microdilution minimum inhibitory concentration (EDTA-IPM MIC) method detected
MBL in 44 (83%) IPM resistant Pseudomonas and 19 (65.5%) Acinetobacter isolates. DDST with
CAZ-0.1M EDTA and CAZ-2-MPA detected MBL in 73.6% and 67.9% of IPM resistant Pseudomonas
and 55.2% and 48.3% of Acinetobacter isolates respectively. The detection rate was 67.9% and
66.1% in Pseudomonas and 51.7% and 44.8% in Acinetobacter isolates by EDTA-IPM and IPM-2-
MPA methods respectively. In comparison to DDST, DPT with CAZ-0.1M EDTA showed higher
sensitivity (89.7% ) and specificity (100%) for detection of MBL in Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter.
The results showed that simple screening tests like DPT with 0.1M EDTA was able to detect MBL
producing Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter from clinical samples with high sensitivity and specificity.

Ibrahim Med. Coll. J. 2010; 4(1): 26-30

DOI: 10.3329/imcj.v4i1.5932

Keywords

Pseudomonas; Acinetobacter
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